Environmental Activities Implemented by PRC
a) Research on the Interaction of the Livelihood Activities and Lake Ecosystem for the Sustainability of Inle (Inlay) Lake funded by UNDP.
Inle (Inlay) Lake Wetland Sanctuary (ILWS), located in Shan State, Myanmar, is one of the huge biodiversity hotspot areas in Myanmar. The Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MOECAF) and UN-Habitat set up a 10-year restoration action plan for Inle Lake that is to be implemented for the future of freshwater, land-use and land cover changes, agriculture land, tomato garden (floating culture and gardens), biodiversity, environment, water sources, water and soil conservation, galley control and catchment area of Inlay Lake as well as for the benefit of social, natural, financial, physical and human empowerment of the 160,000 people inhabiting the Inle Lake area.
Unfortunately, the lake has deteriorated on various environmental fronts. To remedy these detrimental effects, and to help the community in the lake area in a sustainable manner, PRC, in partnership with Yangon University's Zoological Department, has carried out groundbreaking research on the interaction of livelihood activities and the lake ecosystem for the sustainability of Inle (Inlay) Lake.
The research examines various impacts on the lake by livelihood activities such as pesticides as well as investigating various environmental impacts such as the pattern of zooplanktons and other species in response to food web and food change. The goal of the research is to understand what specific intervention is needed and how such an intervention can be carried out in order to help the local community aim for sustainability.
b) Wildlife Trade in Southeast Asia and the Current Status of Wildlife Trading Trends in Myanmar, Laos, and Thailand with the Asian Institute of Technology.
The research examines how differences in political background, economic outlook, and environmental laws as well as environmental conversation approaches have different impacts in each country. This paper emphasizes the relationship between poverty conditions and wildlife trade situations in each country, thereby critically examining why one country has larger volume of wildlife trade than another.
c) Training on Geographic Information Science (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS) Pre-Feasibility Measurement as well as a Field Survey for University Teachers at the Department of Zoology at Yangon University (2013)
The training makes sure that the participants understand how to utilize GIS and RS for implementing various land use surveys. The training utilizes sophisticated techniques and applications such as field survey techniques, GIS mapping & Google Earth in order for them to understand the latest technology of GIS and RS in collecting field data. In addition the training shows to utilize those field data in order to create various types of dynamic maps.
d) Wildlife Trade in Upper Myanmar with the Wildlife Conservation Society, Myanmar Program (2003).
Poverty in Myanmar has been dire. This affects wildlife conservation tremendously. For example, some citizens consider that wildlife is a product to be sold in markets. This dangerous way of thinking causes many negative impacts on wildlife stakeholders - traders, poachers, community, policymakers, lawmakers, wildlife, ecosystem, ecotourism, and sustainability of livelihoods and so on. This investigates variety of critical issues: trade volume, profit margin, traded species, road of wildlife trade and market demand. The research investigates specific aspects of the wildlife trade and why those effects take place in specific patterns in Upper Myanmar.
Assessment Activities Implemented by PRC
a) Environmental Impact Assessment For Inland Water Transportation Facilities Improvement and Development Project in Myanmar with JICA
This impact assessment was a thorough examination of the various effects (positive and negative) of the Inland Water Transportation Facilities in the environment. The key points are:
1. Improve the environmental design of the project
2. Identify appropriate measures to mitigate potential impacts
3. Protect human health (safety, living conditions etc.,)
4. Safeguard valued resources, natural areas, and ecosystem component etc.
b) Environmental Impact Assessment for Myanmar Railway Rehabilitation and Modern Development Project between Yangon and Mandalay with JICA
In collaboration with JICA, PRC conducted the SIA and EIA in 2013 on a major transportation project - Environmental Impact Assessment on the Railway Rehabilitation and Modern Development Project between Yangon and Mandalay. Some key examinations are as follows:
1. Identify the natural and social environmental conditions
2. Estimate the positive and negative impacts of the project
3. Propose appropriate ways to avoid, minimize, compensate for the negative impacts
4. Prepare a resettlement action plan (RAP) for those who are affected by the project etc.
c) Environmental Impact Assessment for Sugar Mill Factory Development in Kathar Township, Sagain Division by Kamadhenu Ventures Myanmar Co., Ltd
This impact assessment examines a careful investigation of the environmental impacts of the Sugar Mill Factory in Kathar Township. The following are pinpointed:
1. Identify the negative and positive effects on the environmental impact of the project
2. Identify appropriate measures to mitigate potential impacts
3. Facilitate informed decision-making
4. Improve the overall environmrntal design of the project
d) Environmental Impact Assessment for Water Treatment Plant Project in Tachileik Township
This impact assessment looks into critical biodiversity records such aquatic animals as zooplanktons, crustaceans, fish and amphibians, as well as terrestrial animals such as reptiles, birds and mammals. The following are important examinations:
1. Identify the natural and social environment conditions
2. Prepare a plan to monitor the impacts of the project during and after implementation
3. Explain to, and gain consent from, the stakeholders that would be directly affected by the project through public consultations
4. Recommend how to mitigate the impacts and achieve a successful implementation project
Development Activities Implemented by PRC
a) Implementation of "Support to Improved Livelihoods and Social Cohesion in Myanmar Sub-Project" in Kachin State funded with UNDP.
This project supported the Kachin Community in Myitkyina Township to support social cohesion through the community fund. The fund was delivered for various livelihoods activities such as pig rearing. During the implementation, various CBOs were strengthened through social cohesion, conflict resolution, community mobilization, facilitation workshops & training. The outcome was critical since the community now understands how to achieve social cohesion at the village level while sustaining their livelihoods.
b) Technical and Management Services Providers for Construction of Small Livelihoods And Social Infrastructure in Shan & Kayin State funded by UNDP.
This project has supported communities in Shan State (both South & North) and Kayin State to gain social cohesion through the community infrastructure fund. The fund was designated for various economic infrastructures such as roads and market access facilities. During the implementation, various CBOs and the community have been strengthened through social cohesion, conflict resolution, operation & maintenance, community mobilization, facilitation workshops & training. The outcome is critical since the community now understands how to achieve social cohesion at the village level while sustaining economic benefits via the various economic infrastructures being implemented.
c) Training on Management, Project Cycle Management, Facilitation skills, Community Mobilization skills, Communication, Leaderships and leader skills and Conflict Resolution skill funded by ACF.
PRC conducted a successful training on project cycle management, facilitation skills, community mobilization skills, communication, leadership, and conflict resolution for ACF, a French NGO in Myanmar. The 5 days training/workshop was carried out to impart critical knowledge and experiences for ACF field staff in Rakhine state in late 2012. All the trainees/participants were greatly satisfied with the training methods, materials, and concepts, etc.
d) External Evaluation Report of Action Contre La Faim (ACF) on WASH Programme in Demawsoe and Hprusoe Townships, Kayah State Myanmar in 2011 funded by the EU.
PRC conducted an external evaluation for ACF, a French NGO in Myanmar on WASH Porgrammes in Demawsoe and Hprusoe Townships, Kaya State. PRC successfully identified best practices and the overall impacts of the program. The report pointed out critical information for both donors and the community and ACF itself.
e) External Evaluation Report of Action Contre La Faim (ACF) on Food Security and Livelihoods Programme in Demawsoe and Hprusoe Townships, Kayah State, Myanmar in 2011 funded by EU.
PRC conducted an external evaluation for ACF, a French NGO in Myanmar on Food Security and Livelihoods Porgrams in Demawsoe and Hprusoe Townships, Kaya State. PRC successfully identified best practices and the impacts of the program. The report pointed out critical information for both donors and the community and the ACF itself.
f) External Evaluation of the EC Dry Zone project's impact on increased food security in Myanmar amongst the poorest H/Hs through a comprehensive package addressing the multiple causes of food insecurity and malnutrition in 2012 funded by Save The Children.
PRC conducted an external evaluation for Save the Children on food security issues in Myanmar among the poorest households. This was done through a comprehensive survey addressing multiple causes of food insecurity and malnutrition in the Dry Zone (Central Myanmar). The final report pointed out critical information for donors, the community, and the Save the Children itself.
g) Nutrition and Food Security survey in Middle Myanmar funded by WFP.
PRC conducted an external evaluation for Save the Children on nutrition and food security issue in Myanmar among the poorest households in Central Myanmar. This was done through a comprehensive survey addressing multiple causes of food insecurity and malnutrition in Dry Zone (Central Myanmar). The final report pointed out critical information for both donors and the community, and the WFP itself.
Civil Engineering Works Implemented by PRC
PRC gets highly involved in urbanization and civil engineering activities in partnership with various business entities. For example:
1. Rakhine Monastery Construction, Hlaw Gar funded by MGB Construction Co., Ltd.
2. Single Unit Nunnery Construction, Pale - 5 Nos. funded by MGB Construction Co., Ltd.
3. Monastery Renovation, Than Lynn funded by MGB Construction Co. Ltd.
4. Room Decoration, Room (902), Mawtin Condo, Yangon, Ground Floor, U Tun Lin Garden Road, Hlel Tan, Yangon, Ground Floor, San Chaung Road, Myay Ni Gone, Yangon,
5. Grocery Shop (60 units) Construction, Free-Tax Market Tarmwe, Yangon funded by MGB Construction Co., Ltd.
6. No. (6), Six Storied R.C building, San Yeik Nyein 6th Street, Block (2), Kamaryut Township funded by MGB Construction Co.,Ltd.
7. No. (39), Two Storied R.C building, Hti Tan Street, ,Say Nyine Ward, Kyimyin Daing Township funded by MGB Construction Co., Ltd.
8. No. (9), Two Storied R.C building, Malikha housing, Than Lwin street, Thingankyun Township funded by MGB Construction Co., Ltd.
9. No. (17), Six Storied R.C building, Yintaik street, Thida Ward, Kyimyindaing Township funded by MGB Construction Co., Ltd.
10. No. (93), Six Storied R.C building, Baho street, Ward-3, Kamayut Township funded by MGB Construction Co., Ltd.
11. Ma (1), Two Storied R.C building, Shan Kone Street, Insein Township funded by MGB Construction Co., Ltd.
REDD + and Anti-Corruption
PRC will be implementing anti-corruption measures activities in response to REDD+ in Naga region - indigenous people - in Sagain Division in this year soon.
The program is designed to equip various civil society groups with various tools such as workshops, trainings, posters, pamphlets etc., in mobilizing anti-corruption measures across the region. This is to motivate all stakeholders to raise issues such as an equitable distribution system, a pressing need for poverty reduction and sustainability in the region.